A flat roof enclosed by a balustrade was used so that the lightest breeze could be captured.These structures screened the sunrays and allowed the wind to penetrate keeping the inner rooms cool and fresh.Courtyards were in the centre of the house for main ventilation by which the light enters the house. The courtyard acts like a thermostat which controls the temperature of the house. Negative pressure is created in the courtyard as it is surrounded by rooms and less exposed. This low pressure helps to draw more air towards it. Tiles used are the typical athangudi tiles which are locally manufactured and the Terracotta tiles easily adapt to all weather and climatic conditions in the villa.